International conference on Science and technology for water security, disaster reduction, and climate change adaptation
Create date: 11/08/19

In the morning of November 5, 2019, in Hanoi, Vietnam Academy for Water Resources held an International conference on Science and technology for water security, disaster reduction, and climate change adaptation.

This conference belongs to the project on Efficiency Enhancement of Regional Irrigation Water Management which is supported by the Government of Japan through the Japan-ASEAN Integration Fund (JAIF).

 Attending the International conference were Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Nguyen Hoang Hiep; Mr. Ousmane Dione - Director of the World Bank in Vietnam; Mr. Shozo OHIRA - Chairman of Agricultural Development Consultants Association of Japan (ADCA); Ms. Katrin Bromme - Bochum University - Koln University of Applied Science (Germany), Mr. Peeranan Towashiraporn - Director of Asian Disaster Prevention Center, Representatives of JICA, GIZ, BORDA, Mekong River Commission, Nippon Steel, Kitai Sekkei and members of the ASEAN community.

From the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, there are also Mr. Nguyen Truong Son - Deputy General Director of the Vietnam Disaster Management Authority; representatives of General Directorate of Water Resources, Department of Science, Technology and Environment ...

On the side of the Vietnam Academy for Water Resources, there were Assoc. Dr. Nguyen Vu Viet – General Director of the Academy, Deputy General Directors of the Academy: Prof.Dr. Tran Dinh Hoa, Assoc.Prof.Dr. Nguyen Tung Phong, Assoc.Prof.Dr. To Van Thanh; representatives of leaders of units under the Academy.

There were also Prof. Dr. Nguyen Tuan Anh - Head of Science and Technology Program for New Rural Development; Experts, scientists in the field of water resources, environment, natural disaster prevention .... and representatives of a number of domestic news agencies came and reported.

Opening speech at the workshop, on behalf of the VAWR, Assoc.Prof.Dr. Nguyen Vu Viet - Director of the VAWR has welcomed the participants to the Workshop and said on the occasion of the Academy's 60th anniversary, with the consent of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, VAWR, ADCA and international partners organize International Conference on Science and technology for water security, disaster reduction, and climate change adaptation.

This conference is an opportunity for Vietnamese and international scientists and managers to discuss and share scientific achievements and results of typical projects in the fields of management, exploitation and sustainable development of water resources; structural and non-structural solutions for natural disaster prevention; constructing, managing and operating irrigation works adapting to climate change aiming at the goal of "Water conservation – Improvement of service quality – Improvement of adaptive capacity and resilience".

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Nguyen Vu Viet wishes that this conference will promote discussion and create a meaningful information platform for the exchange between domestic and foreign agencies and organizations on future research activities to serve the needs of the sector and society to achieve Vietnam's development goals in general.

On this occasion, Assoc. Nguyen Vu Viet also thanked the Organizing Committee, Technical Committee and ASEAN member countries, ADCA, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Japan and Vietnam for their valuable support and contributions, highly support from donors from many national and international agencies.

On behalf of the VAWR, Assoc.Prof.Dr. Nguyen Vu Viet wishes the conference a success.

Speaking at the workshop, Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Nguyen Hoang Hiep said the ASEAN community has many opportunities but also faces many challenges to development requirements. With a population of over 642 million people and an area of ​​over 1.7 million km2, ASEAN is a potential market with a forecast that by 2050, ASEAN will be the fourth largest economy in the world. However, this goal also puts us in the face of the challenges of water crisis due to population growth, urbanization, and water pollution, while the demand for water is significantly increased. Besides, climate change and extreme weather make natural disasters more and more difficult to forecast with unusual, even unprecedented events in history.

Deputy Minister Nguyen Hoang Hiep said that this requires each country and ASEAN community together with supporting partners such as Japan, the World Bank, the United Nations Organization ... to develop a common strategy for conservation and developing water resources, improving water use efficiency and value, environmental sustainability, and enhancing capacity and resilience to natural disasters for the sake of sustainable development. In particular, people must be at the center of the ASEAN Community building process. The rights of the people should be promoted through cooperative activities to cope with climate change, natural disasters, efficient and sustainable use of water resources, etc.

With nearly 63% of 840 billion cubic meters of total water flowing from abroad. Vietnam is a country that has been and will continue to face many challenges of water security for the country's socio-economic development process, due to the population growth and the strong urbanization process in Vietnam. Over the past years, there have been many negative impacts on water quality and reserves due to increasing water demand for production and people's life. Depression of surface water, Speaking at the conference, Director of the World Bank in Vietnam Mr. Ousmane Dione said that water is a very specific issue. Water supply and sanitation, flood and irrigation services directly impact the daily lives of people. Improving water productivity (especially in agriculture), reducing water pollution (especially urban wastewater) and promoting climate change adaptation are outstanding and important issues for Vietnam. Moreover, our recent studies conclude that increased water-related threats can reduce GDP by about 6% per year.

“Our engagement strategy addresses such issues and focuses on the three main pillars, including water maintenance, providing better service and building resilience. We will continue to prioritize and support activities that improve the lives and development opportunities of Vietnamese people. But I personally believe that our shared success in this area will eventually require a change of mindset so that water and natural ecosystem issues are of concern to everyone. We see water as a valuable resource for sustaining life, promoting prosperity for today and for future generations.”

“The goal of conference is huge and requires high determination. But we can see the prospects for efficiency and sustainability - and this is essential to support Vietnam's growth. I believe that Vietnam will overcome challenges and you all have an important role to play. We, the World Bank are ready to accompany and support you in those efforts- Director of the World Bank in Vietnam Mr. Ousmane Dione shared at the Workshop.

According to Mr. Shozo OHIRA – Director of  ADCA: We are facing emerging issues such as water degradation, water scarcity and heavy rain intensity,, climate change, degraded irrigation works, increased management costs, limited budgets, modernization requirements from other fields, and the new law on hydraulic  work  takes effect in Vietnam.

To handle the above issues, Mr. Shozo OHIRA said that timely data monitoring and quick feedback help irrigation management in a timely and effective manner. In the past, it took a lot of time to monitor the irrigation management assessment data of JICA's CDPIM project conducted at VAWR. Today, information technology has been developed to enable low-cost, rapid and continuous irrigation monitoring.

Mr. Shozo OHIRA also shared some lessons on irrigation monitoring in Indonesia, Thailand, Vietnam and Myanmar and said that the data on water level and rainfall has been transmitted for more than 02 years and there was no interruption; Data can be accumulated and shared among stakeholders to better manage irrigation and rural development.

Speaking at the Conference, Assoc. Dr. Nguyen Tung Phong - Deputy General Director of the VAWR said that in recent decades, science and technology have significantly improved water resource management for multi-sector development in Vietnam. Advances in water and irrigation management have moved agriculture and Vietnam out of the country of food insecurity to become one of the world's largest agricultural exporters. This is one of the great achievements contributed by researchers, experts and policymakers in this field.

In the new era of advanced technology, 4.0 technology has spread to all classes and changed many traditional practices. Managing water and irrigation resources in Vietnam and around the world has had many opportunities to access technological progress but still faces many challenges mainly from climate change in self-improvement. However, the biggest and most pressing is the socio-economic development pressure.

The international conference organized by VAWR brings together researchers, experts and policymakers from ASEAN countries, from international organizations, which is part of a series of events activities towards the 60th anniversary of the VAWR. The conference also contributed to international and national dialogue on new technologies, opening up development in the field of water resources management, irrigation, and disaster risk reduction for sustainable development goals, Assoc. Dr. Nguyen Tung Phong - Deputy General Director of VAWR shared.

In the afternoon session, participants from ASEAN countries discuss and share experience on water resources management in genera and irrigation monitoring in particular in their countries. Mr. Vu Hai Nam has presentation on application of Telemetry system in water management in Vietnam.

After finishing the conference, participants have a field trip in Nghe An province



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