Journal of Water Resources Science and Technology No.28
Create date: 10/28/15


WATER RESOURCES SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY JOURNAL
No 28 (Oct/2015)

No

Article

Author

Summary

I

SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY

 

 

1

Một sốkết quả nghiên cửu rủi ro về người do ngập lụt lưu vực sông Kiến Giang và sông Long Đại tỉnh Quảng Bình

Bon, Truong Van

Ngoc, Vu Van

Han, Pham Thi

Quynh, Vu Phuong

Hien, Nguyen Minh

Research flood risk in estuaries and coastal areas were interested in many countries around the world. In Viet Nam,research problem about flood risk just started in recent years, in the past, flood management includes structural measures and non- structural are being focused. Currently, the flood mapping was reflecting through risk mapping. In the framework of the article, some results research about the risk assessment in risk mapping due to flooding in the Long Dai and Kien Gian  riverine catchments, Quang Binh province is presented.

2

Tác động điều tiết hồ chứa đến chế độ dòng chảy kiệt hạ du sông Vu Gia - Thu Bồn

Trung, Nguyen Quang

Lam, Nguyen Xuan

Vu Gia - Thu Bon (VGTB) river system with a catchment area of 10.350 km2, of which, 45.359 ha agricultural land, and a population of 1.7 million, has created an strongly developing economy with the main centre of Central region as Da Nang city. During recent years, beside flood, other impacts of drought, saline intrusion and/or human activities as hydro-power, deforestation, pollution from insdustrial production activities, etc, have caused great challenges for sustainable basin-water management. This paper is to provide some results of studying impacts of reservoir system operation on the downstream flow of Vu Gia – Thu Bon river basin, which should be a basis to propose the scientific-technological solutions to ensure the sustainable use of surface-water resourcesand protection ofVGTB river water resources.

3

Kết quả nghiên cứu đề xuất bộ công cụ dự báo lũ, điều hành hồ chứa và quản lý ngập lụt hạ du cho lưu vực sôngTam Kỳ, tỉnh Quảng Nam

Assoc.Prof. Quynh, Nguyen Ngoc

MSc. Dien, Nguyen Duc

In recent years, under the impact of extreme floods and climate change, some reservoirs made operational flood discharge caused flood at downstream areas, significantly influence to people's life and national economy, causing annoyance and confusion in public opinion. However, for many reasons, including the operational management and simulation tools to support reservoir owners should still confused and passive in emergency situations. So to solve this problem, the immediate need to develop simulatio tools based on existing technology to serve the operator during floods to ensure safety of the reservoir and downstream. This article presents and proposes a synchronization tool, capable of flood forecasting, executive managing reservoirs and downstream flooding for Tam Ky river basin in Quang Nam Province. This toolkit is the recommended first step and is capable of deploying to many other basin.

4

Kết quả nghiên cứu kết cấu tấm bê tông gia cố mái đập đá đổ đắp dởkhi xả lũ thi công

Assoc.Prof. Thuong, Nguyen Quoc

In flood discharge period while flow pass-through section of in-constructing rock fill weir the flow velocity may cause downstream slope slide and river bed scouring.  Thus research of structure of slope protection in order to provide rock fill weir safety under high flood flow discharge will play important role.  The paper presents the results of research of structure of concrete slab for protection of downstream slope of in-constructive rock fill weir.

5

Nghiên cứu xây dựng bản đồ ngập lụt vùng hạ lưu sông Đắk Bla

Doan, Dang Dinh

Quan, Ngo Anh

Son, Nguyen Hoang

The, Nguyen Ngoc

In recent years, the big flood in central highlands of Viet Namusually occurs with high intensity. The operation of reservoir systems in upstream of Se San together with the complex of climate conditions lead to the flood management and reservoir operation become more difficult. The inundation maps in Se San basin are useful to help decision maker carry out the suitable plans for management and operation the reservoir system. The DHI software package is useful tool in water resources applications and flood inundation map. In this paper, the MIKE NAM and MIKE 11 model are applied to simulate runoff on Dak Bla river. The results show that the MIKE NAM and MIKE 11 model are suitable for flood routing on Dak Bla river with NASH in ranges 0.65 to 0.92. The historical flood in 2009 and the satellite image are used for verification inundated area which simulated. The inundation areas due to floods are mapped in downstream of Dak Bla river corresponding with Alarm water level 1, 2, 3+1m and 3+2 m at Kom Tum station.

6

Ảnh hưởng của tưới nước nhiễm mặn đến môi trường đất

Hung, Le Viet

Ha, Nguyen Trong

Freshwater shortage is a major problem of the world. But the salt water is available and there are many on our earth. Agriculture is a sector to need much use of water in the world, the use of saline water for irrigation can save a lot of fresh water resources. In practice and experience of many countries when applying drip irrigation methods show this technique can be used for irrigation water salinity very successful in agriculture. Even, some studies show that the quality and yield of some upland crops are higher more than the fresh water used for irrigation.

Limited the use of saline water for irrigation is the salt concentration in the water will affect the growth and yield of crops, soil environment due to the accumulation of salt. Thus, studies using saline water for irrigation to its low impact on the growth, yield of crops and minimize the environmental impact on the land is a matter for concern.

For a scientific basis for using saline water for irrigation for agriculture, this paper introduces the initial research results on the effects of saline irrigation water when applied to drip irrigation methods for upland crops to sandy soil environment at Kim Son district, Ninh Binh province

7

Kết quả nghiên cứu giải pháp công trình bảo vệ bờ biển ổn định cửa sông Cà Ty - Phan Thiết, tỉnh Bình Thuận

MSc. Vuong, Nguyen Duc

MSc. Dat, Pham Van

There are many works have been constructed for stabilizing the vessel fairway to the port or storm shelters in the Central and South Central of Vietnam since 1993. Some of them were built effectively such as estuaries of Lo (Nghe An), Tung (Quang Tri), Khanh Hai, Dong Hai, Ca Na (Ninh Thuan)....

In general, when building these works, it is only based on meagre data, through a number of results calculated using a mathematical model while the experimental work on a physical model for the layout location, size has not been fully implemented. Therefore, many vessel fairways have occured sedimentation phenomenon after building training works at astuaries such as Tu Hien (Thua Thien - Hue, Sa Huynh and My A (Quang Ngai), Da Nong (Phu Yen), La Gi (Binh Thuan )... or causing coastal erosion in the area near the rivermouth such as La Gi and Ca Ty - Phan Thiet (Binh Thuan province).

The paper presents the phenomenon of coastal erosion after building training work at estuaries, using MIKE 21/3FM to research, suggest orientedly work for stabilization of river and coastal zone of Ca Ty - Phan Thiet estuary.

8

Kết quả nghiên cứu kết cấu khung thép bỏ đá dạng bậc nước gia cố mái đập đá đổ đắp dở khi xả lũ thi công

Assoc.Prof. Thuong, Nguyen Quoc

 

In flood discharge period while flow pass-through section of in-constructing rock fill weir, the flow velocity may cause downstream slope slide and river bed scouring.  Thus research of structure of slope protection for safety of rock- filling weir under high flood flow discharge will play important role. The paper intends to present results of research of structure of  steel gabion with rock filling for protection of downstream slope of the in-constructive rock fill weir.

II

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER

 

 

9

Kết quả hoàn thiện công nghệ ABR đề xử lý tái sử dụng nước thải nông thôn

Assoc.Prof. Cuc, Le Thi Kim

MSc. Dung, Tran Trung

MSc. Vinh, Nguyen Quang

In the context of urbanization and rapidly increasing population in rural areas, production activities develop and alternately distribute in residential areas, increasing rural domestic wastewater leads to environmental contamination. Decentralized wastewater treatment solution to each pollution source with low investment technology, simple operation and environmental friendliness is an appropriate choice and viable for rural areas. Wastewater treatment technology ABR is one of technology sorts towards this solution. This article presents some of achieved results in completing ABR technology for processing - reuse wastewater for paddy field irrigation

 

© Governing body: Vietnam Academy for Water Resources
Address: No 171 Tay Son - Dong Da - Ha Noi. Telephone 84.43.8522086 Fax: 84.43.5632827
Permit publication of: 200/GP-BC, Press Department - the culture media issued on 02/11/2005
® Powered by VAWR